Property Taxes, Mello-Roos: Beware at Tax Time, or else…

San Diego Property Taxes

or else WHAT?  – you say.

Every year, more than 15 million Californians practice their ritualistic tax filing.  Of that group, about 7 million of them take an additional tax deduction from their tax return that the rest do not.  This is the California homeowner, who typically has enjoyed the benefit of deducting the dollar amount of their property taxes on their state tax return.  Keep blindly doing that, and you’ll likely be hearing from the state Franchise Tax Board.  Why, you say?

Time to Break-It-Down

Beginning in 2013 (that is, for your 2012 tax-year and beyond), the California Franchise Tax Board (FTB) will be enforcing an old rule, laid out in 1982.  The Mello-Roos Community Facilities Act enacted by California legislature in 1982 specifically calls out Mello-Roos as non-deductible.  Well, thanks to apparent new efforts to close a $16-billion state budget deficit (and a debt load larger than that of Greece’s!), the FTB will now require homeowner taxpayers to break down their claimed property taxes.

I guess they won’t let us just use our ‘scout’s honor.’

Well, it turns out, that it’s more than that.  It’s more about the way that we obtain our property tax information and then report it.  You see, most taxpayers will look for “total taxes paid” on their Form 1098 issued by their lender, or look for that dollar amount on a recent mortgage statement.  And for those that don’t have a mortgage or pay their property taxes themselves, their recent property tax statement’s “Total Due/Paid” where they locate their figure.  That dollar amount is the number most often reported on the tax return.  The problem here is that the Mello-Roos and other special assessments (vector control, fire district assessment, etc.) are not separated out on the Form-1098 or mortgage statement.  And, those are the dollar amounts that the FTB will soon begin enforcing as non-deductible.

Specifically, the state FTB will require that you break down those different amounts, between the deductible and non-deductible values.

Not Just Mello-Roos

You think this doesn’t apply to you because you don’t have Mello-Roos?  Well, that’s not the case.  

Enter:  non ad-valorem.

Ad-valorem taxes are those that are assessed by the county treasurer-tax collector based on the value of the real estate being assessed.  In contrast, the non ad-valorem taxes are the fixed special assessment charges that are not based on the value of the real estate.  Almost every parcel of real estate in San Diego county will be assessed with both ad-valorem and non ad-valorem taxes.

The non ad-valorem taxes will be different in each city and community.  These will include vector disease control, state and municipal water fees, fire district and ambulance fees, sewer service charges, and Mello-Roos items (such as school, road, infrastructure fees).

Non ad-valorem taxes are non-deductible.

So, do you want to know how to do it right?  Let’s look at an example tax bill below so you know what to look for and how to report it.

Do It Right!  (or else…)

In San Diego county, we are assessed by Mr. Dan McAllister and crew at the San Diego County Treasurer-Tax Collector office.  Property tax bills are mailed to the registered owner’s mailing address in late-September of each year.  Like many homeowners, your property taxes are impounded in your monthly mortgage payment with your lender, and are then paid directly by your lender.  So, you toss it in the trash or in the “important stuff” drawer.  Or, if you do not have an impounded account or a mortgage at all, you pay the property taxes yourself by a mailed check, online, over-the-phone, or in person.

Well, now tax-time has rolled around and you can’t find the property tax bill.  Well, fortunately, with a few mouse clicks, you can view and print your property tax bill.  Go to www.SDTreasTax.com.  Look for and click on “Pay Your Bill Online.”  Look for and click (again) on “Search or Pay On-Line,” which will open a new window to begin your search.  Enter your address or parcel number, and there you have it.

San Diego County Property Tax Bill – Undisclosed/Private Address in La Mesa, CA 91942:

La Mesa 91942 Property Tax Bill

As you see above, the taxes assessed based on value, have a net percentage value of 1.165% of the value of the home.  These are the ad-valorem taxes, that are tax deductible.  Below that are the “Fixed Charge Assessments” of an additional $507.20.  These are the non ad-valorem taxes, that are unfortunately not tax deductible.

Do as Nike® says, “Just Do It.”

Until further notice, or until we can get a local assemblyman to put some pressure on Sacramento on this topic of homeowners being taxed on a tax (!!!), just do it right.

I am far from being a tax advisor.  For further questions and confirmation, always consult a CPA or tax professional.

 

Think You Are Ready to Own a Home?

Thinking

Everyone wants a home of their own – it’s the American dream. Enjoy the freedom to express yourself in your own home, without the snooping landlords. You can do just about anything you want in, on, and in your own owned home.  Take my home for example.  I am married to an interior designer who cannot live with white walls.  Therefore, our kitchen walls are green and our kitchen cabinets are now black.  Do you think that a landlord would allow us to do this at our own will?  Not a chance.

But before you go jumping in, ask yourself some questions:  Are you ready to settle down and take on the financial responsibilities and lifestyle changes that come with homeownership? Or might you be better off renting? Spend some time evaluating your near-term goals. Might a better job opportunity send you packing to another city or state? Is your income likely to remain the same, increase, or could it decrease and jeopardize your ability to meet your monthly housing costs?

Homeownership is best viewed as a long[er]-term commitment because selling a house is a costly and often time-consuming undertaking. The serious homebuyer should plan on staying in the house for at least two years – though that’s a minimum.  Typically, the better rule of thumb is to have a goal of owning the same house for at least five years. It’s simply not profitable and it could end up being quite costly to buy and then sell your home less than two years. Even if a booming housing market allowed you to turn a nice profit, the proceeds would be subject to capital gains taxes.

Making the transition from renting to homeownership is exciting, but yet challenging.  As the new owner of your very own home, you are now the “landlord” (of yourself!)  This means that when that old copper pipe breaks, it’s up to you as the the homeowner, to either personally fix the problem or hire a contractor. The same remains for maintenance and overall property upkeep.

But for those who’re willing to take on the challenge, the benefits are many. Homeownership is a form of forced savings.  With the deduction of mortgage interest and property taxes from your federal and state income taxes, you will be paying less in those cumulative income taxes or getting a larger tax refund. Additionally, the accumulating equity in the property can act as a savings account that you can access when you are ready to sell.

 

The information contained herein has been provided by San Diego Board of REALTORS®. This information is from sources deemed reliable but not guaranteed by San Diego Board of REALTORS®. The information is for consumers' personal, non-commerical use, and may not be used for any purpose other than identifying properties which consumers may be interested in purchasing.

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